Growing weed plants either for the purpose of selling or for personal use is indeed a rewarding task if you do the proper growing techniques and have the right timing when harvesting the buds. In growing marijuana, you can enjoy buds with either high in THC level for cerebral effect or high in CBD for a great body buzz.
The harvest time will actually depend on your preference. Harvest early if you want a high THC level and if high CBD content is preferred, do the harvest late. Harvesting the buds late will also increase weight but take note that while having an extra resin in the seed pods, the potency of the buds can lower.
Early Marijuana Harvesting in Pot Growing
Growing weed plants and harvesting early will give you highly potent buds to smoke. This is because the level of THC in buds during the early stage of maturity is very high. When almost 50% of the pistils have a change in color, it is a signal that you should begin reaping the buds to obtain the high tetrahydrocannabinol level that you desire.
Some experienced cannabis growers prefer early harvesting, and finishing right on time, instead of starting right on time and finishing quite late. By starting ahead, most growers maintain a harvesting pattern in order for the bulk of the crop to be harvested at an ideal time. Every successive wave of harvest offers the opportunity to ripen the trichomes that are exposed to the wind and sun.
Late Harvesting of Cannabis Buds
The later time you will harvest marijuana, you will have more CBD content to smoke from the buds than THC. The tetrahydrocannabinol content present in the buds is lowered as they approach to the late stage of maturity during the flowering time.
As the THC level of marijuana slowly drops the weight of the buds increases because of extra resin production. Late harvesting will benefit much those people who are growing weed for selling purposes and those who have much preference over a couchlock effect. The CBD content in the buds is higher during the late phase of bud maturity.
Choosing the proper timing of harvesting pot buds will depend on several factors and that will include your purpose of growing cannabis. If your purpose of growing pot is to sell, then go for a late harvest since buds can increase in weight during the late stage of the budding time.
There is a difference if you harvest the buds late or early. The time of the harvest will matter if you are after the potency and weight of the buds. Decide whether you want an early or late harvest. Reap the buds early for high potency and cerebral high and do a late harvest if you want to experience a body buzz effect as you smoke the buds.
When is the Best Harvest Time to Achieve Maximum Yield?
When it comes to cutting and flushing your plants, one of the most important factors that you have to consider is timing. While there are advantages involved in harvesting early, most growers would still prefer harvesting late. This is because you are actually letting your plants bloom for as long as they can so that you can also expect the highest THC weight and percentages.
At the same time, you would also want that cutting and flushing is done in a timely way so that you do not unintentionally end the bloom phase either too early or too late.
For this reason, there are five factors that can alert you when it is already time for you to end the blooming phase of your plants.
– Resin Gland Condition
The best indicator that it is already the perfect time for harvesting is when you see that the resin glands are THC filled and appears like a golf ball on top of a tree. The moment you see that there is over 15-20% of the glands beginning to fall, shrink or deteriorate, it is high time for you to start flushing. It is also the same if you see 25% or over of the glands starting to look cloudy.
For this factor, you might want to use a photo loupe, or a high-capacity magnifier in order to look closely into the resin glands. As a modern option, you can use a digital microscope in order to look closer, storing the shots of the glands for easier viewing, comparison and sharing, while watching the condition of the resin glands as they tell you when the phase is over.
– Calyx Hair Condition
When your cannabis buds are still young, the calyx hairs are usually thick, white and vibrant, even though there are still some other varieties which have tinted natural hairs which are reddish/pinkish in color, and are also vibrant and thick. If you notice that 25% or more of the calyx hair are desiccating, crinkling or even falling, you have an indicator that your plants are likely to be at the end of the peak blooming phase.
– Predicted Bloom Length
If you purchase high quality genetics coming from a professional breeder, you can definitely depend on their estimates on bloom length. There is usually information provided among these breeders for every strain that is available for sale in their website. Use this information in order to plan your growing even better.
– Bud Growth Profile and Rate
This factor is quite challenging to use unless you are extremely familiar with the bud development of your strain, according to your close observation in previous cycles. When you observe that your buds are already past the peak of blooming, you will most likely see that they will stop getting bigger, and their colors begin to fade to a color that is almost purplish-black.
The hairs will also start to fall, eventually starting to disappear, while the glands also start to shrink, changing from clear to cloudy. With certain strains, however, it may be the opposite. For example, when the buds are already past the peak, they may begin sending out new leaves and calyxes. Pure sativas may even continue to flower forever. However, when they are past their peak, the growth may be airy, lacking THC.
– Loss of Vigor/Scent Plus Deterioration of Looks
The moment your plants are already tired and now ready for harvest, you may see that the buds will no longer that very powerful smell and fresh appearance than they used to. If you start noticing fallen glands, absence of new bud growth, hairs gone bad, leaves turning yellow, or when the plants are already at their maximum flowering phase length than what is predicted by the breeder, you already have a good signal that your crops are now ready for flushing and harvesting.
Speeding Up the Flowering Process for an Earlier Harvest
Some growers find it quite challenging to determine the exact harvesting time for their marijuana plants. This has resulted them to take control of the schedule. One way of doing so is by speeding up the flowering process. In an outdoor growing setup, since flowering usually does not start until the middle part of August at its earliest, harvesting time usually comes mid-October.
For this, growers take into consideration the impact of temperature on the flowering period of marijuana plants. Will low temperatures speed up maturity of the buds and hasten the production of resin glands? Or will they limit the growth, damaging the plants and the buds?
By nature, marijuana plants are considered as short-day plants. This means that they flower when they receive a long period of continuous, uninterrupted darkness every day. Initiation of flowers in marijuana plants, in contrast with other types of plants, is not influenced by factors such as temperature or moisture.
The growth of flowers, however, may have a considerable impact on these factors. Low temperatures may limit its growth why drier conditions may quicken the maturity, creating smaller buds. The relatively lower sunlight intensity during autumn, as well as the season’s lower temperatures can slow down the growth of buds since photosynthesis slows down as light intensity is reduced.
As such, lower temperatures may reduce respiration, making the plant prone to fungal infections. As such, earlier maturity of the plants may result to better crop production. Expert growers use three ways in order to hasten the process up.
The Right Harvesting Time for Outdoor Marijuana Plants
Harvest time is one crucial stage in the lives of your plants. In fact, in some aspects of marijuana cultivation, it is the most important of them all. Harvesting can make or break your expected output, making it a very important deciding factor on the success of the growing season.
It would be a total mistake on your part if you plan on harvesting without doing the right research ahead. It is important to understand that the sun, seasons, personal security, as well as things to do in preparing for the harvest should all be considered.
– Seasonal Changes
All throughout the lives of your cannabis plants, one very important tool in measuring the intake of time and intake is the sun. Unlike manmade tools, the sun is the most important and consistent element in the process. As the summer comes to a close, you have to start all over again in order to keep track of the movements of the sun, including the total amount of light provided to your plants.
By the middle part of summer, you can expect the plants to receive 14 or more hours of sunlight. The process involved in sex selection usually has to do with manipulating certain amounts of light so as to trick the mature cannabis plants to start flowering. As such, when the season changes to fall and your plants only get about 12 or 13 daylight hours, the flowering phase initiates in just a few days.
Due to this sensitive nature of cannabis in relation to light, you can take advantage and manipulate theme easily, prompting them to start producing buds right when you would want them to. This goes the same with their reaction to artificial lights as well.
– Your Preparation for Harvest
As time continues to pass by, you may have been looking forward to the actual time for harvest. You have managed to keep all your cannabis plants healthy and safe, and now you are expecting to see the rewards of a good and high yield for the harvest.
For one, timing is very important. This means a careful monitoring of your plants, and the weather. This can mean the need to study the rhythm of the flowering period. Whenever you are in doubt, you should be more patient.
As soon as the flowering period starts, make sure that you pay extra attention to the timing of the sun, as well as the strength that it correlates together with the changes of season. This understanding can be used to identify when it is best for you to start harvesting. You should also be updated with the weather forecast, since the weather condition of the actual harvest day is also crucial.
– Security of the Harvest
Another very important element involved in harvesting is security. This means that as much as you are really excited, make sure that you do not let your emotions make you neglect about security – of yourself, and your plants. This is very crucial because you cannot just afford to be caught on that very same time when you are about to harvest them.
As such, it is recommended to be extra careful during the days prior, as well as on the actual day. Make sure that you do not inform other people that you are already scheduling the harvest. Until the day for harvest arrives, you may want to divert attention away from your plants. This may include using top-of-the-line measures to protect your plants.